All wines certified with the 'Denominazione di Origine Protetta' (DOP) and 'Identificazione Geografica Protetta' (IGP) qualities are esteemed wines, made unique by their close connection to the territory and the specific production methods.
DOP wines, 'Denominazione di Origine Protetta', are made from grapes cultivated in a particularly ideal vine-growing area, and the name is used to indicate that it has characteristics of quality deriving, in whole or in part, from the natural environment and from the human factors of the territory itself, such as the tradition of cultivation and/or wine-making.
The characteristics of these wines are defined in the production regulations.
DOP wines include:
- DOCG, Denominazione di origine controllata e garantita (Controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin), wines with 'particular qualitative value' made with grapes cultivated in a particularly ideal wine-making area (e.g., Barolo, Barbaresco, etc.) whose name is used to imply a prestigious, high quality product. The DOCG recognition may be requested for wines that have already been DOC for at least 10 years and are of international renown;
- DOC, 'Denominazione di origine controllata', wines produced in defined areas, usually of small and medium size, indicated using their geographical name.
IGP wines, 'Identificazione Geografica Protetta', must be made up of at least 85% of grapes coming from the indicated wine-making geographical area and the wine-production phase must be undertaken in the same area. The denomination refers to the geographical name of the wine-making area where the product is made and which has characteristics of the area in question.